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What You Need To Know About The Deadly Ebola Virus Disease (EVD).

An ongoing epidemic of the Ebola virus disease has spread throughout Guinea and beyond the nation's borders in West Africa. The outbreak, which began in Guinea in February 2014 and has spread to Liberia, Sierra Leone and Nigeria, is the most severe in recorded history, both in the number of cases and fatalities. A suspected 1,323 cases with 729 deaths have been reported as of 27 July 2014, with 909 cases and 485 deaths confirmed to be Ebola. Various organizations have donated funds and mobilized personnel to help counter the outbreak; charities including Médecins Sans Frontières, the Red Cross, and Samaritan's Purse are also working in the area.
Ebola virus disease (EVD) or Ebola hemorrhagic fever (EHF) is the human disease caused by the ebola virus. Symptoms typically start two days to three weeks after contracting the virus, with a fever, throat and muscle pains, and headaches. There is then typically nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, along with decreased functioning of the liver and kidneys,
The disease is usually acquired when a person comes into contact with the blood or bodily fluids of an infected animal such as a monkey or fruit bat. Fruit bats are believed to carry and spread the virus without being affected by it. Once infection of a human occurs, the disease may be spread from one person to another. Men who survive may be able to transmit the disease via their semen for nearly two months.
Prevention includes decreasing the spread of the disease from infected monkeys and pigs to humans. This may be done by checking these types of animals for infection and killing and properly disposing of the bodies if the disease is discovered. Properly cooking meat and wearing protective clothing when handling meat may also be helpful, as is wearing protective clothing and washing hands when around a person who has the disease. Samples of bodily fluids and tissues from people with the disease should be handled with special caution.
There is no specific treatment for the virus. Efforts to help persons who are infected include giving them either oral rehydration therapy or intravenous fluids.
Between 1976, when it was first identified, and 2014, fewer than 1,000 people a year have been infected. The largest outbreak to date is the ongoing 2014 West Africa Ebola outbreak, which is affecting Guinea, Sierra Leone, and Liberia. The disease was first identified in the Sudan and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Efforts are ongoing to develop a vaccine; however, none exists as of 2014.

Prevention


* Avoid Direct/Physical Contact with infected people
* Avoid overcrowded places
* Wash your hands as often as possible (better with soap and water)
* Don't visit sites of previous outbreaks
* Good personal and environmental hygiene will go a long way
* Don't touch remains of victims
* Avoid BUSH-MEAT, pigs, monkeys and other animals prone to infection  as much as possible   
* The Most Important "PRAY ALWAYS" 

NB: IF YOU OBSERVE THE SYMPTOMS OF THE EBOLA VIRUS ANYWHERE AROUND YOU, IT IS ADVISED YOU REPORT EVERY SUSPICION TO THE NEAREST HEALTH FACILITY OR GOVERNMENT AGENCY AROUND YOU.







Reference; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2014_West_Africa_Ebola_outbreak

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